Introduction and Background
The Population and Housing Censuses are the primary source of data about the size and characteristics of the population; it provides the basis of a complete demographic profile of a country and is the foundation of all sampling surveys framework. In fact, no other survey has enough coverage to give official and population based indicators, which are complete, accurate and up-to-date.
At its six session held in October 2004, the Statistical Committee called on ESCWA to form a regional taskforce to coordinate efforts in relation to the planning of next round of population and housing censuses. Later the United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD), at its 36th session held in March 2005 approved the 2010 World Population and Housing Census Programme, to be implemented from 2005 to 2014. The goal of the World Programme is three fold:
a. Agree on a set of accepted international principles and recommendations governing the conduct of population and housing censuses;
b. Conduct a population and housing censuses at least once during the period 2005-2014;
c. Disseminate census results in a timely and comprehensive manner.
The regional commissions are requested to play an active role in partnership with member countries and the United Nations Statistics Division to ensure the proper implementation of the World Programme. This website is designed to support the work of ESCWA in that regard by providing links to the relevant standards and methods, reports, meetings and workshops, best practices of countries and useful national, regional and international links.