ESCWA joined the ICP in its last round (6th Round) of
the last century, 1993-1996.
Eleven Member States: Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon,
Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syrian Arab
Republic, United Arab Emirates, and Yemen participated
in that 6th Round of ICP.
ESCWA adopted a reduced initiative version of the
programme in that round due to limited financial
resources and time constraint.
One tentative and two final reports, on the measurement
of the Purchasing Power Parities (PPPs), volume and
price level comparison for the Middle East (ESCWA member
States), for the years 1993 and 1995 were published by
ESCWA in 1997 and 1999.
ESCWA is now a partner in this program and has
participated in its first round in the twenty first
century. This round has been launched worldwide in the
ICP 2005 round in Western Asia Region:
The 2005 round of the International Comparison Program
(ICP) was implemented in Western Asia region by the
Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA)
with the financial support of the World Bank, the Arab
Fund for Economic and Social Development (AFESD) and the
Islamic Development Bank (IsDB). Eleven out of the
thirteen member states of Western Asia fully
participated in the 2005 ICP round namely Bahrain,
Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi
Arabia, Syria and Yemen.
The demand for PPP data has seen a quantum increase over
the last decade. The regional comparison in Western Asia
was carried out within the general framework of the ICP
2005 to meet this increasing demand with 2005 taken as
reference year for price and expenditure data. An
important distinction of the 2005 round is the widely
shared recognition that the program has witnessed
significant improvements in coordination and management,
as well as in data collection, validation and processing
methods.. The ICP represents an exceptionally effective
partnership that has brought together national
statistical offices from 11 countries, as well as
regional agencies and international organizations.