Progress toward gender equality and womenís
empowerment can be measured using various statistics and indicators.
The ESCWA Compendium of Social Statistics and Indicators, published
annually, includes measures for the gender gap between women and men
in ESCWA member countries in a variety of areas, ranging from
population, education and health to employment.
The gender equality index uses the ratio of women and men to show
differences between them for a given measure of equality. A ratio of
1.0 means women and men are equal. An index below 1.0 indicates an
imbalance in favour of men. An index below 1.0 indicates an
imbalance in favour of women.
Gender equality indices in the following areas are available:
Other major indicators measuring women and menís capabilities and
opportunities include the human development
index (HDI), gender empowerment measure
and the gender-related development index
(GDI) published by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
in the annual Human Development Report.
the HDI, GDI and GEM rank and value for selected Arab countries.