Theme I: Transition from Autocracy to Democracy

Strengthening democratic institutions as a mean for building inclusive and egalitarian societies

Moderator: Alicia Bárcena, Executive Secretary, ECLAC



Addressing the Challenges of Transition

What are the key challenges facing countries in transitions? What role for different institutions whether political, judicial or military in addressing these challenges and ensuring an egalitarian society? How can Arab countries benefit from the experiences of others?

Ahmet Davutoglu, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Turkey




The Military and Civilian Authorities

Do the armed forces constitute a parallel State? What are the mechanisms for transferring State oversight from military to civilian authority in order to safeguard the tenants of democratic rule while maintaining security? 

Juan Gabriel Valdes, Former Minister of Foreign Affairs of Chile; Former Permanent Representative to the United Nations in New York and Former Special Envoy of the Secretary-General to Haiti




Reforming the Security Apparatus

In most countries in transition, the internal security apparatus has played a central role in oppressing the civilian population. However, it is also claimed that their relative weakness in the post revolutionary period has undermined the safety and security of citizens. How should these organizations be reformed so that they effectively protect citizens and uphold fundamental human rights?

Vaira Vike-Freiberga, Former President of Latvia